This paper compares the relative effectiveness of selected active labour market policies available to young unemployed people in Poland in the years 2015-2016. We use rich administrative data and propensity score matching techniques to control for the non-random selection of unemployed individuals into alternative interventions. We find large negative employment effects of participating in public works programmes, particularly among disadvantaged individuals. The differences in effectiveness between other interventions are rather small, and most become insignificant over time. We also show that vouchers that allow unemployed individuals find on-the-job training providers themselves are more effective than on-the-job training schemes in which the unemployed individuals are directed to the training providers by the public employment services (PES).
keywords: labour market policy evaluation
thematic categories: policy evaluation
publication number: 06/2021
additional information: We thank Jan Gromadzki for outstanding research assistance. We thank Márton Csillag, Massimiliano Deidda, Lucía Gorjón, Valentina Gualtieri, Judit Krekó, Astrid Kunze, Ágota Scharle, Francesco Trentini, Claudia Villosio, Ainhoa Vega Bayo for valuable comments. We also thank the representatives of PES who participated in interviews for their time and remarks.